25 March 2014

  • 1634: Maryland was founded by English colonists sent by the second Lord Baltimore.
  • 1807Britain abolished its slave trade.
  • 1894Jacob S. Coxey began leading an “army” of the unemployed from Massillon, Ohio, to Washington, D.C., to demand help from the federal government.
  • 1913The home of vaudeville, the Palace Theatre, opened in New York City.
  • 1957The Treaty of Rome established the European Economic Community.
  • 1965The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
  • 1975King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew with a history of mental illness.
  • 1988Robert E. Chambers Jr. pleaded guilty to first-degree manslaughter in the death of 18-year-old Jennifer Levin in New York City’s so-called “preppie murder case.”
  • 1992Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to Earth from the Mir space station after a 10-month stay, during which his native country, the Soviet Union, ceased to exist.
  • 1994American troops completed their withdrawal from Somalia.
  • 1996An 81-day standoff by the antigovernment Freemen began at a ranch near Jordan, Mont.
  • 1996The redesigned $100 bill went into circulation.
  • 1998President Bill Clinton acknowledged during his Africa tour that “we did not act quickly enough” to stop the slaughter of 1 million Rwandans four years earlier.
  • 2002A powerful earthquake rocked Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan, killing as many as 1,000 people.

23, January 2014

  • 1789Georgetown University was established in present-day Washington, D.C.
  • 1849English-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to receive a medical degree, from the Medical Institution of Geneva, N.Y.
  • 1932New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
  • 1937Seventeen people went on trial in Moscow during Soviet leader Josef Stalin’s Great Purge.
  • 1950The Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
  • 1962Tony Bennett recorded “I Left My Heart in San Francisco” in New York for Columbia Records.
  • 1964The 24th amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the poll tax in federal elections, was ratified.
  • 1968North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship the USS Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the communist nation’s territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was held for 11 months.
  • 1977The TV mini-series “Roots,” based on the Alex Haley novel, began airing on ABC.
  • 1989Surrealist painter Salvador Dali died in his native Spain at age 84.
  • 1991Allied forces in the Persian Gulf War announced that they had achieved air superiority after some 12,000 sorties.
  • 1997A judge in Fairfax, Va., sentenced a Pakistani man to death for an assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two people and wounded three.
  • 2002Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was abducted in Karachi, Pakistan, by a group demanding the return of prisoners from the Afghan campaign. (He was later killed.)
  • 2005: Former “Tonight Show” host Johnny Carson died at age 79.

17 January 2014

  • 1562French Protestants were recognized under the Edict of St. Germain.
  • 1706Statesman and inventor Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.
  • 1806Thomas Jefferson’s daughter, Martha, gave birth to James Madison Randolph, the first child born in the White House.
  • 1893Hawaii’s monarchy was overthrown.
  • 1893Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th president of the United States, died in Fremont, Ohio, at age 70.
  • 1899Gangster Al Capone was born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • 1945Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw during World War II.
  • 1945Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews during the Holocaust, was taken into Soviet custody in Budapest, Hungary. (His fate has never been determined.)
  • 1946The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting.
  • 1977Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore was shot by a firing squad at Utah State Prison in the first U.S. execution in a decade.
  • 1994A magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck Southern California, killing at least 61 people and causing $20 billion worth of damage.
  • 1995A magnitude 7.2 earthquake devastated the city of Kobe, Japan; more than 6,000 people were killed.
  • 1997A court in Ireland granted the first divorce in the Roman Catholic country’s history.
  • 1998President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. president to testify as a defendant in a criminal or civil suit when he answered questions from lawyers for Paula Jones, who had accused Clinton of sexual harassment.
  • 2001Faced with an electricity crisis, California used rolling blackouts to cut off power to hundreds of thousands of people.
  • 2008: Chess master Bobby Fischer died at age 64.

Monday 13, January 2014

  • 1794President George Washington approved a measure adding two stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the union.
  • 1808Salmon P. Chase, U.S. senator, secretary of the treasury and chief justice of the Supreme Court, was born in Cornish, N.H.
  • 1893Britain’s Independent Labor Party, a precursor to the Labor Party, first met.
  • 1898Novelist Emile Zola’s “J’accuse” - a defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a French Jew falsely convicted of treason - was published in a Paris newspaper.
  • 1964Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, was appointed archbishop of Krakow, Poland, by Pope Paul VI.
  • 1966Robert C. Weaver became the first black Cabinet member as he was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1968Country musician Johnny Cash recorded a live concert at Folsom Prison in California.
  • 1978Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.
  • 1982An Air Florida 737 crashed into the 14th Street Bridge in Washington, D.C., after takeoff and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.
  • 1989New York City subway gunman Bernhard H. Goetz was sentenced to one year in prison for possessing an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot four youths he said were about to rob him.
  • 1990L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia, the nation’s first elected black governor, took the oath of office in Richmond.
  • 2000Microsoft chairman Bill Gates stepped aside as chief executive.
  • 2002: The off-Broadway musical “The Fantasticks” ended a run of nearly 42 years and 17,162 performances.

Monday, 06 January 2014

  • 1412: According to tradition, Joan of Arc was born in Domremy, France.
  • 1540England’s King Henry VIII married his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 1759George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis were married.
  • 1838Samuel Morse first publicly demonstrated his telegraph, in Morristown, N.J.
  • 1912New Mexico became the 47th state.
  • 1919Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, died in Oyster Bay, N.Y., at age 60.
  • 1945George H.W. Bush married Barbara Pierce in Rye, N.Y.
  • 1993Jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie died at age 75.
  • 1994Figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was clubbed on the right leg in an assault planned by the ex-husband of her rival, Tonya Harding.
  • 2001With the vanquished Vice President Al Gore presiding, Congress certified Republican George W. Bush the winner of the close and bitterly contested 2000 presidential election.
  • 2005Former Ku Klux Klan leader Edgar Ray Killen was arrested 41 years after three civil rights workers were slain in Mississippi. (Killen was later convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 60 years in prison.)

Wednesday, 18 December 2013

  • 1787New Jersey became the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
  • 1886Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb was born in Narrows, Ga.
  • 1892Peter Tchaikovsky’s “The Nutcracker Suite” premiered in St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1915President Woodrow Wilson, widowed the year before, married Edith Bolling Galt.
  • 1944The Supreme Court upheld the wartime relocation of Japanese-Americans.
  • 1957The first nuclear facility in the United States to generate electricity, the Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania, went online.
  • 1958The world’s first communications satellite was launched by the United States aboard an Atlas rocket.
  • 1969Britain’s Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder.
  • 1972The United States began the heaviest bombing of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
  • 1987Ivan F. Boesky was sentenced to three years in prison for plotting Wall Street’s biggest insider-trading scandal.
  • 2003A judge in Seattle sentenced confessed Green River killer Gary Ridgeway to 48 consecutive life terms.
  • 2003: A jury in Chesapeake, Va., convicted teenager Lee Boyd Malvo of two counts of murder in the Washington-area sniper shootings. (He was later sentenced to life in prison without parole.)
  • 2008A U.N. court in Tanzania convicted former Rwandan army Col. Theoneste Bagosora of genocide and crimes against humanity for masterminding the killings of more than half a million people in a 100-day slaughter in 1994.
  • 2009Reality TV stars Jon and Kate Gosselin, parents of eight children, divorced.

Tuesday 17 December 2013

1933: In the first NFL championship game, the Chicago Bears defeated the New York Giants 23-21 at Wrigley Field.

1944The U.S. Army announced the end of its policy of excluding Japanese-Americans from the West Coast.

1957The United States successfully test-fired the Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile for the first time.

1969The U.S. Air Force closed its Project “Blue Book” by concluding there was no evidence of extraterrestrial spaceships behind thousands of UFO sightings.

1969An estimated 50 million viewers watched singer Tiny Tim marry Miss Vicky on NBC’s “Tonight Show.”

1975Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme was sentenced to life in prison for her attempt on the life of President Gerald R. Ford. (She was paroled in 2009.)

1989The animated TV series “The Simpsons” premiered on Fox.

1992President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari signed the North American Free Trade Agreement in separate ceremonies.

1996Kofi Annan of Ghana became United Nations secretary-general.

2004President George W. Bush signed into law the largest overhaul of U.S. intelligence-gathering in 50 years.

2005President George W. Bush acknowledged he’d personally authorized a secret eavesdropping program in the U.S. following Sept. 11.

2010Mohamed Bouazizi, a 26-year-old fruit vendor frustrated with harassment by local officials, set himself on fire in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. His act of defiance set off nationwide protests that brought down longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and soon spread to the rest of the Arab world.

Monday 16 December 2013

  • 1653: Oliver Cromwell became lord protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.
  • 1773The Boston Tea Party took place as American colonists boarded a British ship and dumped more than 300 chests of tea overboard to protest tea taxes.
  • 1809Napoleon Bonaparte was divorced from the Empress Josephine by an act of the French Senate.
  • 1811The first of the powerful New Madrid earthquakes, with an estimated magnitude of 7.7, struck the central Mississippi Valley.
  • 1916Gregory Rasputin, the monk who had wielded powerful influence over the Russian court, was murdered by a group of noblemen.
  • 1917Science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke was born in Minehead, England.
  • 1944The Battle of the Bulge during World War II began as German forces launched a surprise counterattack against Allied forces in Belgium.
  • 1985Reputed organized-crime chief Paul Castellano was shot to death outside a New York City restaurant.
  • 1990Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president of Haiti in the country’s first democratic elections.
  • 1991The U.N. General Assembly rescinded its 1975 resolution equating Zionism with racism.
  • 1998President Bill Clinton ordered a sustained series of airstrikes against Iraq by American and British forces in response to Saddam Hussein’s continued defiance of U.N. weapons inspectors.
  • 2000President-elect George W. Bush selected Colin Powell to become the first African-American secretary of state.
  • 2007British forces formally handed over to Iraq responsibility for Basra, the last Iraqi region under their control.
  • 2009Iran test-fired a missile capable of hitting Israel and parts of Europe.
  • 2010Larry King concluded his CNN talk show after 25 years.

Friday, 13 December 2013

  • 1642Dutch navigator Abel Tasman arrived in present-day New Zealand.
  • 1769Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter.
  • 1862Confederate forces dealt Union troops a major defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg in Virginia.
  • 1981Authorities in Poland imposed martial law in a crackdown on the Solidarity labor movement.
  • 1988PLO chairman Yasser Arafat addressed the U.N. General Assembly in Geneva, where it had reconvened after the United States refused to grant Arafat a visa to visit New York.
  • 1989South African President F.W. de Klerk met for the first time with imprisoned African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, at de Klerk’s office in Cape Town.
  • 1996The U.N. Security Council chose Kofi Annan of Ghana to be the world body’s seventh secretary-general.
  • 2000Republican George W. Bush claimed the presidency 36 days after Election Day.
  • 2001The Pentagon released a captured videotape of Osama bin Laden in which the al-Qaida leader said the deaths and destruction achieved by the Sept. 11 attacks exceeded his “most optimistic” expectations.
  • 2001Five suspected Islamic militants killed nine people in an attack on India’s parliament before being killed themselves.
  • 2001President George W. Bush served formal notice that the United States was pulling out of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with Russia.
  • 2002Cardinal Bernard Law resigned as Boston archbishop because of the priest sex abuse scandal.
  • 2003Ousted Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein was captured by U.S. forces while hiding in a hole under a farmhouse in Adwar, near his hometown of Tikrit.
  • 2007Shareholders of Dow Jones & Co., publisher of The Wall Street Journal, approved a takeover by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.
  • 2007: The Mitchell Report on performance-enhancing drugs in baseball was released, implicating seven MVPs and 31 All-Stars.

Wednesday, 11 December 2013

  • 1816Indiana became the 19th state.
  • 1936Britain’s King Edward VIII abdicated the throne in order to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson.
  • 1941Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, which responded in kind.
  • 1946UNICEF (the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) was established.
  • 1972Man landed on the moon for the last time during the Apollo 17 mission.
  • 1981The U.N. Security Council chose Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru to be its fifth secretary-general.
  • 1994Russian troops rolled into breakaway republic of Chechnya in a failed bid to restore Moscow’s control over the region.
  • 1997More than 150 countries agreed at a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to take steps to control greenhouse gas emissions.
  • 1998The House Judiciary Committee approved three articles of impeachment against President Bill Clinton.
  • 2000Shortstop Alex Rodriguez agreed to a $252 million 10-year deal with the Texas Rangers, the most lucrative sports contract in history at the time.
  • 2002A congressional report found that intelligence agencies before Sept. 11, 2001, were poorly organized, poorly equipped and slow to pursue clues that might have prevented that day’s terrorist attacks.
  • 2008Bernard Madoff was arrested, accused of running a multibillion-dollar Ponzi scheme. (He later pleaded guilty and is serving 150 years in prison.)
  • 2009: Tiger Woods announced on his website that he was taking an indefinite leave from golf to try to save his marriage to Elin Nordegren. (The couple divorced in August 2010.)